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Berwick St James Parish

ROMANO-BRITISH VILLA IN THE PARISH OF BERWICK ST JAMES

By Carolyn MacDougall Berwick St James Parish

Monday, 5 February 2018

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Berwick St James Parish Contributor

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TAGS: ROMAN VILLA

Following the publication of a Geophysical Survey by Highways England, it is of great interest that there is a strong possibility that a Roman Villa existed between Berwick St James and Winterbourne Stoke (Area highlighted SW8).   The layout of these remains is similar to what one would expect of a Romano-British villa plan. The position close to the river is also typical. However, alternative explanations are also plausible and could relate to a medieval or post-medieval farmstead. As such further archaeological investigation would be required to understand the precise nature of these remains.
 
Area 16, Map 4 (bottom right):
The form of the building is typically Roman in appearance, constructed of three corridors (B, C, D) surrounding an 11.5 m x 6 m courtyard (A). A high amplitude response (E) can be identified within the courtyard could relate to a well, or another pit-like feature extending to significant depth. A possible entrance to the building lies to the east of the courtyard at F, where a gap (2 m) can be seen in the eastern wall of the building,  opening into a smaller courtyard or room (4.5 m x 6 m). Within the north-eastern corner of the possible smaller courtyard a 1.5 m square room (G) has been identified. A similar 1.5 m x 1 m (H) area of high amplitude can be also seen externally to the north-west of the building.

Attached are four maps, the last of which clearly shows the layout of a typical a Romano-British villa.

For those of you interested in reading the full Geophysical Report of the Amesbury to Berwick Down survey, it is now on the B. St J. website.  Click the tab A303 Stonehenge / CPSTV and then click the top attachment (A303 Stonehenge - Geophysical Survey Report (Phase 2)
 
Carolyn MacDougall
01722 792761

Contact Information

Carolyn MacDougall

  • 01722 792761

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The Leat House, High St, Berwick St James, Salisbury, Wiltshire, SP3 4TL

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