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Washington History Society

History Timeline

Roman activities along the river Wear through Sunderland

Originally an Anglo-Saxon settlement

After The Conquest the manor became part of the lands of the Bishop of Durham

Unbroken list of Rectors from 1112

Boldon Book 1183 lists Washington, Biddick, South Biddick, Picktree

Last direct ancestor of George Washington at the Hall dies in 1399

Royalist Washington rector driven out by Sunderland Parliamentarians, Royalist lands in Biddick and Barmston seized

1708 Fatfield pit explosion kills 69

1746 Earl of Perth flees to Biddick after The Battle of Culloden

1826 Prime minister, Spencer Perceval assassinated, son of Washington Rector Henry Perceval

1832 Holy Trinity ‘the Church on the Hill’ rebuilt

Sister church, also Holy Trinity,  built at Usworth

1837 Chemical works founded by Hugh Lee Pattinson

1857 Washington Hall built by Isaac Lowthian Bell, which later  became a Barnardos Children’s Home

1868 Birth of Isaac’s granddaughter Gertrude Bell

44 pits and shafts by 1910

1917 Usworth Airfield, one of the earliest RAF airfield starts operating at Usworth, and closed in 1955

1955 Washington Old Hall restored and opened to the public. Taken over by the National Trust in the following year

1964 to 1988  A Designated New Town

1977 Visits of President Carter and the Queen and President

1986 Nissan Manufacturing starts production