A parish council is a civil local authority found in England and is the first tier of local government. As such, a parish council is responsible for managing the day-to-day activities within its boundaries, including such things as planning applications, parking, litter, dog-fouling, footpaths and other amenities.
Great Milton Parish Council comprises a maximum of seven members, plus a Parish Clerk who also fulfils the role of Responsible Finance Officer. The Clerk/RFO is the only employed and salaried member of the Parish Council: its councillors fulfil their duties voluntarily.
The parish is divided into wards of roughly equal size. Each councillor is responsible for a ward, and in particular for reviewing planning applications within it. This requires the councillor to interview the immediate neighbours for every planning application received, and to note any comments or objections received. These are then communicated to other councillors when each application is considered: this usually happens at a regular PC meeting, but very occasionally requires a specially-convened planning meeting depending on timescales.